Paper Code: 
Contact Hours: 
Max. Marks: 
  • To acquaint students with the functioning of production department of an Apparel Industry.


Unit I: 
Spreading and Cutting
  • Marker types and calculations
  • Spreading process and spreading equipments
  • Types of cutting machines
  • Ticketing and bundling  
Unit II: 
Production System


  • Components of sewing: Threads, Needles, Feed dog,  Pressure foot and Throat plate
  • Classification of seam & stitches according to BI standard
  • Machinery and equipments for sewing
  • Salient features uses and types of production system- Progressive bundle system, Unit production system, and Modular production system.




Unit III: 
Components and Trims
  • Support Material: Interlining, Lining, Shoulder pad, Tapes and Collar stays
  • Closures: Zipper, Button & Buttonholes, Snaps & Hooks & Loop Tape, Elastic
  • Trims: Lace, Braids and binding
Unit IV: 
Post Production Machinery and Processes
  • Production finishing – bar tack, button, button holes
  • Garment finishing – stain removal, dry cleaning, cleaning and pressing
  • Types of packages
  • Types of materials used for packing



Unit V: 
CAD/CAM for Apparel Products
  • Introduction to concept of CAD/CAM in garment manufacturing
  • Complete pattern design system, preparation for grading, marker and pattern making
  • Introduction to computer controlled machinery for garment manufacturing, 3D scanning technology, development of Robotic for CAM
  • RFID – Radio Frequency Identification
Essential Readings: 
  1. Harold, Carr & Barbara, Latham., The Technology of Clothing Manufacture-Blackwell Science, London.
  2. Fairhurst, Catherine. Advances in Apparel Production, Woodhead Publishing Limited, Cambridge, England, 2008
  3. Doorthy Wood, The Practical Encyclopedia of Sewing, Annes Publishing, 1999
  4. Cooklin, G., Clothing Manufacture,1st Edition, Blackwell Science Ltd, 1996
  5. Ruth E. Glock, Apparel Manufacturing: Sewn Product Analysis, 4th edition, Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009
  6. Renee Weiss Chase, CAD for Fashion Design, Printice Hall publication, London 1997


  1. Ashwathappa, Shridhara., Production and Operations Management, Himalaya Publishing House, Mumbai
  2. Anita.A, Sue Humphries Sharp, Linda B. Donnell, Evaluating Apparel Quality, Fairchild Publication, New York, 1988
  3. Janace E. Bubonia, Apparel Production Terms and Processes, Fairchild Publication, New York, 2012
  4. Groover, Mikell P., CAD/CAM computer aided design & manufacturing, PHI Learning Pvt Lmt, 2008
  5. Babu, V, Ramesh, Industrial Engineering in Apparel Production, Woodhead publishing Ltd, 2012
  6. Mykyung Uh, Injoo Kim, Apparel Making in Fashion Design,  Fairchild Publication, New York, 2002
Academic Year: